Lung Disorders Laguna Beach

About Lung Disorders in Children

The lungs are one of the most important organs in the body. There are many disorders that can affect the lungs. At Newport Children’s Medical Group, we work to keep children give children with lung disorders the best chance we can at enjoying a normal, healthy life.

Types of Lung Disorders

While there are many types of lung disorders, three of the most prevalent are

  • Chronic lung disease
  • Interstitial Lung Disease
  • Pediatric Asthma

Chronic Lung Disease (CLD)

This is a general term for long-term respiratory problems in premature babies. It is the result of lung injury to children who use a mechanical ventilator and extra oxygen to breathe. Because the lungs of infants are easily damaged, especially those of premature babies, injuries can cause inflammation, breakdown of tissue, and scarring.

These injuries can be caused by the lungs not being fully developed at birth, low amounts of surfactant (the substance that keeps air sacs open), overexposure to oxygen, or too much pressure from mechanical ventilators.

This condition can persist for long periods of time, and may require a child use a ventilator for an extended period. Medications, immunizations, warmth and nutrition may be used to help a child’s lungs develop and recover.

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

This is a term for any disease that affects the interstitial tissues. The interstitial area consists of the lung’s air sacs, the walls around them, and the blood vessels in the area, as well as the space between.

Symptoms of ILD include a dry cough and shortness of breath. The diseases can be caused by foreign contaminants or by an autoimmune disorder. Because the symptoms are similar to other lung disorders, laboratory tests are required to make a diagnosis.

Treatment for ILD includes medication, oxygen administration at home, and pulmonary rehabilitation.

Pediatric Asthma

Asthma is one of the most common lung disorders found in children. It is caused by the involuntary restriction of the airways in reaction to certain stimuli.

Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. In some cases, coughing may be the only symptom.

Asthma is treated with medications and avoiding the triggers that cause asthma attacks. Most children will grow out of asthma as their immune system becomes stronger.

If your child is suffering from a lung disorder, Newport Children’s Medical Group is here to help. Patients in Laguna Beach or nearby Orange County communities can make an appointment with us to get a diagnosis and care to help your child lead a normal, healthy life.